Sheff Discusses Article on Ipse Dixit Podcast

Professor Jeremy Sheff recently appeared on the legal scholarship podcast Ipse Dixit to discuss his latest work in progress, Jefferson’s Taper.

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Jeremy Sheff

In the podcast, Professor Sheff discusses his discovery of the connection between a famous letter from Thomas Jefferson on the justification for patent rights and the writings of ancient Roman philosopher Marcus Tullius Cicero. The conversation between Professor Sheff and Ipse Dixit host Professor Brian Frye goes on to explore the implications of this discovery for our modern justifications for intellectual property rights.Jefferson’s Taper is available in draft on SSRN.

Here is the abstract for Jefferson’s Taper:

This Article reports a new discovery concerning the intellectual genealogy of one of American intellectual property law’s most important texts. The text is Thomas Jefferson’s often-cited letter to Isaac McPherson regarding the absence of a natural right of property in inventions, metaphorically illustrated by a “taper” that spreads light from one person to another without diminishing the light at its source. I demonstrate that Thomas Jefferson likely copied this Parable of the Taper from a nearly identical passage in Cicero’s De Officiis, and I show how this borrowing situates Jefferson’s thoughts on intellectual property firmly within a natural law theory that others have cited as inconsistent with Jefferson’s views. I further demonstrate how that natural law theory rests on a pre-Enlightenment Classical Tradition of distributive justice in which distribution of resources is a matter of private judgment guided by a principle of proportionality to the merit of the recipient — a view that is at odds with the post-Enlightenment Modern Tradition of distributive justice as a collective social obligation that proceeds from an initial assumption of human equality. Jefferson’s lifetime correlates with the historical pivot in the intellectual history of the West from the Classical Tradition to the Modern Tradition, but modern readings of the Parable of the Taper, being grounded in the Modern Tradition, ignore this historical context. Such readings cast Jefferson as a proto-utilitarian at odds with his Lockean contemporaries, who supposedly recognized property as a pre-political right. I argue that, to the contrary, Jefferson’s Taper should be read from the viewpoint of the Classical Tradition, in which case it not only fits comfortably within a natural law framework, but points the way toward a novel natural-law-based argument that inventors and other knowledge-creators actually have moral duties to share their knowledge with their fellow human beings.

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